Minggu, 02 Januari 2011

KUMPULAN RUMUS-RUMUS DALAM BAHASA INGGRIS

1.      PRONOUN
PRONOUN adalah kata keterangan yang berfungsi menggantikan kedudukan kata benda/perseorangan sebagai berikut
Subject
Object
P. Adjective
P. Pronoun
I
Me
My
Mine
You
You
Your
Yours
We
Us
Our
Ours
They
Them
Their
Theirs
He
She
Her
Hers
She
Him
His
His
It
It
Its
Its


2.      TO BE
TO BE adalah salah satu kata yang sering digunakan dalam kalimat yang mempunyai arti
PRONOUN
TO BE
PRESENT
PAST
PERFECT
I
Am
was
been
You
Are
were
been
We
Are
were
been
They
Are
were
been
He
Is
was
been
She
Is
was
been
It
is
was
been



 



Modal/TO Have
Modal/To Have
BE/BEEN
Will
Would
Be
Can
Could
Be
Shall
Should
Be
May
Might
Be
Must

Be
Have/has

Been
Had

Been
Rumus
(+)
S + tobe + Object/Complement
(-)
S + tobe + not + Object/Complement
(?)
tobe + S + Object/Complement

3.      TO DO
TO DO adalah kata bantu yang berpasangan dengan kata kerja bentuk pertama (Verb I)
PRONOUN
TO BE
Plural/ Singular
PRESENT
PAST
I
Do
Did
Plural
You
Do
Did
Plural
We
Do
Did
Plural
They
Do
Did
Plural
He
Does
Did
Singular
She
Does
Did
Singular
It
Does
Did
Singular

Rumus
(+)
S + Verb + O
(-)
S + do/does/did + not + Verb 1 + O
(?)
do/does/did + S + Verb 1 + O

4.      TO HAVE
TO HAVE adalah kata bantu yang berpasangan dengan kata kerja bentuk ketiga (Verb III)
PRONOUN
TO HAVE
Plural/ Singular
PRESENT
PAST
I
Have
Had
Plural
You
Have
Had
Plural
We
Have
Had
Plural
They
Have
Had
Plural
He
Has
Had
Singular
She
Has
Had
Singular
It
Has
Had
Singular

Rumus
(+)
S + have/has/had + Verb III + O
(-)
S + have/has/had + not + Verb III + O
(?)
have/has/had + S + Verb III + O




5.      MODALS
MODALS adalah kata bantu yang memberi arti tertentu pada verba utama dalam kalimat.
PRESENT
PAST
ARTI
Will
Would
Akan
Shall
Should
Akan/seharusnya
Can
Could
Dapat/bisa
May
Might
Boleh
Must

Harus

Rumus
(+)
S + modals + Verb I + O
(-)
S + modals + not + Verb I + O
(?)
Modals + S + Verb I + O

6.      YES-NO QUESTION
YES – NO QUESTION adalah jenis pertanyaan yang hanya dijawab dengan bentuk formasi YES dan Formasi jawaban NO saja.
Rumus
To be
Tobe + S + Complement
To do
To do + S + Verb I + O
To have
To have + S + Verb III + O
Modals
modals + S + Verb I + O




7.      QUESTION WORDS
QUESTION WORDS adalah pertanyaan-pertanyaan yang dimulai dengan kata tanya sebagai berikut :
Ø  What        :  apakah/apa
Ø  Who         :  siapa (subject)
Ø  Whom      :  siapa (object)
Ø  Where      :  dimana
Ø  Why         :  mengapa
Ø  Whose     :  kepunyaan siapa/milik siapa
Ø  How        :  bagaimana/berapa
Rumus
Question Word + Aux + S + main verb + O/C

8.      QUESTION TAGS
QUESTION TAGS adalah pertanyaan-pertanyaan yang dimulai dengan kata tanya sebagai berikut :
1.      Statement
Statement
Question Tag
Positive
Negative
Negative
Positive

2.      Imperative/Command
Statement
Question Tag
With : Let’s
Shall we
Without : Let’s
Will You

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